• Eurorail, bus:
  • Euro Tours:,,,
  • Europoean Budget Air (Dublin, Shannon & Cork to UE) (Germany to EU) (UK based, cheap) (cheap UK to Spain wtr) (Zurich to Eastern Europe)

    -www.icelandexpress (cheap to Reykjavik) (spin off of BA, Euro to US) (UK’s Stansted to Eur) (Hanover Germany to Eur) (Ctr Eur) (Ctr Eur)

  • Ferries (Brit, Spain, France) (UK, Scandanavia) (Brit, France, Spain, Neth) (Dover to Calais) (Dover to Boulogne) (Brit, Ireland, Scan, Neth)


London – Dublin- London

Eurostar to Paris

Antwerp to Amsterdam

(Hamburg ferry to Copenhagen, Stockholm, Gamla, Stan, Oslo train to Berget, Trondheim, Arctic Circle, bus to Nordkapp, Rovaniemi, tampere, Helsinki…back to Amsterdam)

Along Rhine to Berlin

Vienna to Zurich

Venice to Florence

Rome take ferry Brindisi to Athens

Rhodes to Nice (possibly Marseille)

Barcelona (Cordoba) to Granada

(Maraga, Tarita, Seville, Faro) to Lisbon



Estonia: Tallinn (medieval cobbles streets)

Italy: Cinque Terra walk across 5 coastal towns known for history, food & wne

France to Spain: Camino de Santiago: trek from France to Santiago de Compostela, Spain

Skiing French Alps, or Pyrenees @ Soldeu-El Tarter & Pas de la Casa – Grau Roig in eastern Andorra

Snowboarding in Innsbruck Austria @ Stubai Glacier

Kayak Lake Constance in Germany, Switzerland and Austria (ref: MMoYTOE)


Estonia, Lativa, Lithuania: Baltica Folk Fest one wk in mid July

Russia: Moscow The Army Museum and Red Square, the Bolshoi most famous and influential cultural museum, the Moscow Underground, Tretyakov Gallery, Waterways of the Czars cruising from Moscow to St. Petersburg, St Petersburg The Hermitage Museum, Pavlovsk is Catherine the Great’s gold-and-white summer palace, Petrodvorets Peter the Great’s summer palace (ref:1000) St. Petersburg (don’t drink the water) walk around Nevsky Prospekt (pick pockets!!) State Hermitage (Winter Palace), nightlife @ JFC, Kirov Ballet, palaces, cathedrals, Vodka museum,



PORTUGAL: Alentejo Evora, Marvao Medieval Castle (ref:1000) Sintra palaces and mansions (Palacio da Pena, Quinta da Regaleira), learn to surf Algarve big waves and unspoilt coastlines, Tram 28 street car (get a taxi to the suburban terminus from Prazeres) (ref: MMoYTOE) (ref:1000) FESTIVAL: June 23 & 24 Festa de Sao Joao in Porto is celebration of solstice (ref:GT World)

SPAIN: Seville, Catille and Leon Avila, Cordoba La Mezquita, Granada The Alhambra and Parador de San Francisco (ref:1000) Valencia Las Fallas in mid March, ski, try wine La Rioja or go to Wine War, try sherry (Jerez de La Frontera, San Lucar de Barrameda and El Puerto de Santa Maria), surf Mundaka, Ibiza closing parties in Sept but for younger crowds go in July/Aug, catch Real Mardrid at Bernabeu stadium (ref: MMoYTOE) Tomatina Bunol last Wed in August, Valencia (March 17th-19th), climb Gothic cathedral, drink agua de velencia (cava & oj), check out museums, Playa Ayuntamiento, burning of fallas and fireworks, Valencia’s Las Fallas in mid March, Jerez try fino (very fine sherry), Cathedral & Moorish castle, Spanish Riding School by 11am for (Tue, Th, Fri) “Equestrian Ballet,” drive to Salucar de Barrameda to catch 10am boat to Coto Bunana Nature Perserve to Chiplona, to Arcos de la Frontera, to El Bosque to Ubrique to Gibraltar, lunch from 2 pm, dinner after 9 pm, Madeira “fortified” wine, Chorros, Pasterdas Natas (custard tarts), Jamon Serrano FESTIVAL: June late Wine War in Haro, La Rioja, Aug last wk Tomatina Tomato Festival in Bunol eastern Spain



DENMARK: Tivoli, Little Mermaid, Christiania is an alternative city set up by squatters of freethinking, artisans, beatniks and hippies, Copenhagen Carlsberg Brewery, Tivoli Gardens (ref:1000) Roskilde grunge fest in June/July, dogsled, boat trip to Disko Bay (Ihuit villages), Copenhagen (July has 10 day Jazz Fest) (Sand Sculpture Fest @ Amager Beach Park) Tivoli Amusement Park open @ 11 am (best at night though), Stoget, Rosenburg Palace, Oresund Bridge links to Sweden, Royal Palace by noon for changing of the guards (Amalienborg Slot), Vandkulturhuset pools, Planetarium, many museums free on Wednesday as well as Ny Carlsberg Glptotek (Sun), summer evening concerts free @ Tivoli, Copenhagen has free bike rentals FESTIVALS: July Roskilde Rock Festival is a four days and nights of solid rock at the largest music festival in northern Europe west of Copenhagen, July Santa Claus Congress where more than one hundred Santa Clauses from around the world converge, Sept for 10 days beginning the 1st Sat Arhus Festival with a touch of Viking

FINLAND: Icebreaker Cruise in Kemi, Lapland, Santa’s Village in Rovaniemi, Lapland (ref:1000) try a sauna (ref: MMoYTOE) Helsinki’s Art Nouveau Katajanokka for Women’s X-mas Fair, boat to Suomenlinna Is (world’s largest sea fortress), Russian Uspensky Cathedral, shop @ Esplanadi Mkt, hot cocoa on cozy sailing ship/cafe Kathrina, Design museum, Museam of Finnish Arch & Design Forum, Temppeliaukio Church, rent skates @ Kallion Tekojaarata, fly to Rovaniemi (Lapland) Arktikum Musum, Santa’s Village, Sami camp for Reindeer Driving License, dogsled safari, ski Kittila or Levi, relax in sauna, almost everyone speaks English

ICELAND: Reykjavik Friday or Saturday of all night summer partying pub crawls

NORWAY: Oslo Vikingskiphuset holds 1000 yr old viking ships, Oye Geirangerfjord, Tromso The Northern Lights on cloudless night late Nov-early Apr but best Jan or Feb around 11pm/midnight with Northern Lights Festival of classical and contemporary music for 4 days mid-late Jan (ref:1000) Geirangerfjord, kayak Naerofjord narrowest fjord in the world), Hurtigrute 6 day boat service from Bergen to Kirkenes (ref: MMoYTOE) Sognefjordan (most impressive fjord in Europe)

SWEDEN: The Ice Hotel in Jukkasjarvi, Norrland is the world’s largest igloo Dec-late Apr with Jan being best for Northern Lights, Stockholm Archipelago in Svealand, Vasamuseet in Stockholm is a royal warship that sank before she left the harbor (ref:1000) sail from Stockholm to Vaxholm (1 hr) to Grinda (10 km away and great for swimming) to Viggso to Sandhamn to Fjardlang (3.5 km pine filled nature reserve for hiking/kayaking) to Kymmendo to Bjorno (sandy cove beaches), Icehotel in Jukkasjarvi (Dec-late spring) (ref: MMoYTOE)


UNITED KINGDOM (including *Northern Ireland):

ENGLAND: Cambridge boating dwn the Cam River, trek Dartmoor, fish n chips, Durham Cathedral, York ghost huntin, fist wk of Nov Bonfire Night, British Museum, Oxford University, surfing Severn Bore, Notting Hill Carnival in August, surfing Newquay, Last Night largest classical musical festival, watching Manchester United play at Old Trafford “Theatre of Dreams,” castles in England, Black Pleasures Beach (ref: MMoYTOE) Pennine Way hike spend 2-3 wks hiking 1220 miles daily w/ start at dale in Derbyshire’s Peak District 270 miles N to kerk Yetholm beneath Chevior Hills & 1 mile across Scottish border, Yorkshire Dales, High Cup Nick, Cheviots; surf Severn Bore, longest/biggest tidal bores in world or, Minsterworth, Elmore Back * Hempsted pop take off pts, sept & March equinoxes are best times, London tea party at the Ritz, Notting Hill Carnival, Afr-Carribean’s largest street party in August, Glastonbury Festival mid June in Brigadoon, Twr of London (early), Greenwich, London (take umbrella), London’s House of Parl & Westminister Abbey Trafalgar Sq, Nat’l Gallery, 11:30 am Buckingham, Bond St, Oxford St, Hyde Park, Covent Garden, Neal St Yard or Ampitheatre Rest @ Royal Opera House (terrace), Bloomsbury’s Brit Museum, Stonehendge, Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, ride tubes, Windsor Castle, Chester-Cheshire Roman City, Warwick Castle in Warwickshire is finest midevil castle, York Minister in Yorkshire FESTIVALS: Aug Bank Holiday Wknd nearest to the 31st is Notting Hill Carnival in London which is Europe’s biggest street party, Sept-Nov Blackpool Illuminations NW England

IRELAND: watching hurling at Croke Park, Dublin The Palace for Guinness, Guinness Brewry, St. Patricks Day Parade, traditional Irish music session, cycle Connemara (ref: MMoYTOE) buy a Cladagh ring, wear it on rt hand w/ heart facing you to symbolize you are taken, Blarney Castle, Sinnotts Bar, Ring of Kerry, Killarney Castle, cycle the Ring of Kerry in the Iveragh Peninsula (SW Ireland) FESTIVALS: July Cloghane-Brandon Lughnasa Festival is an ancient pre-Christian celebration with pilgrimage to Mt Brandon, storytelling, sand sculpture, pet show, vintage car exhibition, treasure hunt and nightly entertainment

*NORTHERN IRELAND: Belfast murals (walk west from central Belfast to Republican Falls Rd), Giants Causeway in Antrim (ref: MMoYTOE)

SCOTLAND: Loch Ness monster spotting in the Great Glen of Scottish highlands with August being prime season to enjoy the Highland Games, Rum Island (just south of Skye) Kinloch Castle, Dunoon Highland Games, Edinburgh Festival in August, Edinburgh Castle, the castle trail, Gampiam Highlands, Glasgow catching a gig at Barrowland (ref: MMoYTOE) Edinburgh’s Fringe Festival August, Hogmany Festival, whisky, haggis, dancing NYE, Munros, gentle hikes to rocky cliffs, Edinburgh Aug Arts Fest; dive Scapa Flow, slow train through highlands, Loche Ness FESTIVALS: May-Sept throughout Scotland Highland Games with Edinburgh Festival wrapping up in early Sept with the biggest fireworks display in Europe and the most attended is Clanloddoch Games and Gathering in Strathdon which takes place annually at the end of Aug as well as the Gathering of the Braemar Royal Highland Society on the first Sat of Sept

WALES: Conwy Castle, St Fagans Natural History Museum near Cardif, Caernarfon Castle, Snowdonia Nat’l Park and Train (ref: MMoYTOE)



CZECH REPUBLIC: Bohemia Cesky Krumlov Bohemian village is an exquisite medieval jewel Prague castles, U Fleku beer hall (ref:1000) Prague’s Castle District (Golden Lance, St. Vitus’ Cathedral, Lobowicz Palace & St George’s Convent), Little Qtr Sq, Charles Bridge, Jewish Qtr, Old Town, Town Hall’s Astronomical Clock, Vltava’s Petrin Hill, try to avoid Prague all together on wknds, don’t eat anything around Old Town Sq (known for scamming)

HUNGARY: Budapest Castle Hill (ref:1000)

ROMANIA: Bran Transylvania Count Dracula’s Castle (ref:1000)





CROATIA: treading boardwalks of Plitvice Lakes (ref: MMoYTOE) Dubrovnik

GREECE: party in Mykonos (ref:GT World) Crete, Santorini cliff village, Patmos, Rhodes, Symi, Athens The Acropolis, Nat’l Archaeology Museum, Delphi (ref:1000) island hopping Ios, Mykonos, Patmos, Crete (ref: MMoYTOE) Athens-Plaka love of city, Anafiotika suburbs, dinner @ Psyrri district or Monastiraki Stations kebab st, Agora’s Panthenon (Acropolis), thissio Sq, Nat’l Archeological Museum, bus to Cape Sounion for sunset at Temple of Poseidon, Delphi, drivers ignor red lts, don’t pay more than $40 for trip from airport, Sntorini, wander through Fira & Oia, watch sunset over drinds, hire scooter, Fira museums Thira & Akrotiri (Pompeii of Aegean Sea), sunset cruise around the caldera, Thirassia, wine tasting/horseback/hotsprings/diving/kayak, black or red sand beaches, fill up gas in Fira as none in Oia, be cautious as accidents are common, check that Ancient Akrotiri is open for season!, Rodes: ancient ruins countless beaches FESTIVAL: May 21-23 Anastenaria Fire Walking Fest in Aghia Eleni village, Macedonia

ITALY: Sardinia Costa Verde beaches (ref:GT World) Pompeii, Campania The Amalfi Coast, Paestum Salerno Campania preserved temples, Rome Sistine Chapel, Portofino, Milan, Il Duomo cathedral, Santa Maria Delle Grazie The Last Supper, Florence, Venice Carnevale, Simplon-Orient-Express (ref:1000) Naples, Pompeii, Rome The Palazzo Farnese art on ceiling (ref: MMoYTOE) Venice Carnevale Jan/Feb, 10 days leading up to Ash Wednesday, Il Palio horse race main piazza of Siena July 2-Aug 16, Taormina (Sicily) resort feel, ancient ruins, fabulous views of bay of Naxos & Mt Etna, Sardinia (Porto Pollo) know for kite/windsurfing consistent wind conditions, perfect beaches & wild reef, Sicily: Palermo to Siracusa through Enna, ski Val d’Aosta, Tuscany FESTIVAL: Feb 4 days ending on Shrove Tues Battle of Oranges in Ivrea, Piemonte NW Italy, July Redentore Regatta in Venice is a gondola regatta with fireworks, watch from boats surrounding St Marks Square



SERBIA: Belgrade get a glass of Niksicko beer or shot of Slivjovica (plum brandy), Andergraund disco or walk banks for the Danube and Sava rivers during summer months for river rafts (splavovi) of restaurants/bars/discos playing turbo-folk music, Turkish coffee in Trg Republike (ref: MMoYTOE) Exit Festival, music festival in July


TURKEY: Istanbul Golden Horn to Independence St for everything (ref: MMoYTOE) Istanbul‘s Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque & Haghia Sophia (check change from cab drivers), bath, aya Sofya (Istanbuls grandest church)



AUSTRIA: Grossglodener Road is a beautiful glacier road, Lech and Kitzbuhel for alpine skiing, Vienna (ref:1000)Semmering Railway btwn Gloggnitz and Murzzuschlag through Austrian Alps towards Hugarian plains, Salzburg Mozarwoche (Mozart Wk) around Jan 27th at the Mozarteum and the Festspielhaus or Stiftskeller St Peter restaurant in the St Peter monastery where food is prepared in 1900s recipes while opera singers in 18th century costume perform arias and duets or Hear Mozart Requiem at the Kollegienkirche at the university church, ski the Streif in Kitzbuhel which is a third of Hahnenkammrennen (most pop series of races on the skiing World Cup circuit), paraglide to see the Zillertaler Hohenstabe of the Penkenjoch (ref: MMoYTOE) Vienna (Christmas celebrations start in Nov), Xmas mkts @ Schonbrunn Palace, etc for tree decorations, wooden toys, crafts, dine @ food stalls on Kartoffe/puffer (potato pancakes) & Gluhwein, attend a xmas concert, Hofburg Complex & State Apartments in Rei Chskanzleitrakt, afternoon coffee “Jause,” “Sachertorte” choco cake, “Dobostarte” sponge and buttercream, Christkindlmarkt by Rathaus, traditional Xmas Eve meal Fischbeuschelsuppe (creamy fish soup?), Museum of Modern Arts, Leopole Museum, Staatsoper Opera

BELGIUM: chocolates in Brussels (Neuhaus, Leonidas, Godiva, shpe of Pierre Marcolini, Wittamer, and Planete Chocolate on rue du Lombard has exotic/adventurous flavours, try a beer brewed by Trappist monks or Lambic specialty, try La Becasse near Grande Place or Cantillon Brewery in Anderlecht district, Gueuze is a sparkling cidery brew at La Mort Subite, ‘t Spinnekopke restaurant that cooks everything in beer, Delirium whose 2000 strong beer menu is Belgian, try a Westvleteren brown ale recently voted best beer in the world and at 10.3% one of the strongest (ref: MMoYTOE) FESTIVALS: July 1st Thurs Ommegang pageant at the Grand-Place in Brussels with a huge parade led by nobles dressed in historic costumes, several wks later is Belgian Nat’l Day at the Royal Palace, Gentse Feesten is a ten day festival which is Belgium’s biggest street party with music, theater, dance and puppet shows

FRANCE: Boyer Les Crayeres, Mont Saint Michel, Paris Arc de Triomphe, Basilique Dusacre, Coer, Centre Georges Pompidou, Napoleon’s tomb, Musee Picasso, Notre Dame, Basille Day (July 14th), A Bate Au, Mouche cruise on the Seine, Chateau de Versailles, The Walks of Carcassonne, Languedoc, Roussillon, Disryesque Medieval Village, Nancy, Lorraine Art Nouveau architecture, Eze, Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur medieval town, Nice, St. Tropez, Chamonix and Tour du Mont-Blanc, Courchevel in Rhone-Alpes skiing, the Place Stanislas (ref:1000) champagne tasting in Epernay, camp at Gedre deep in Pyrenees has farm-based campsite looking into valley of Cirque de Gavarnie , climb Mont St-Michel, swim under Pont du Gard (Roman aqueduct), Eiffel Twr, canoe down Dordogne river, ski French Alps (Chamonix, Portex du Soliel’s Swiss Wall is super steep, Les Trois Vallees is world’s largest ski area & Val Thorens is highest resort in Europe, Brittany Coast (St Malo, Breton, Finistere, Pointe du Raz), St Tropez, Louvre Museum, lunch served in a rural setting will not have choices so just sit and enjoy what comes, Bourges Cathedrale St Etienne, try some cider in Normandy, D-day landing beaches (Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha and Utah, Omaha has American burial ground), wine tasting in Bordeaux (Margaux, Pauillac, Sauternes, St-Emilion vineyards) try Mouton-Rothschild and Palmer which is top-ranked, hike Corsica GR20, (ref: MMoYTOE) Bastille Day July 14th, Paris’s Ile Saint-Louis Bertillon (best ice cream?), Musee Nat’l du Moyen Age (lady & Unicorn) Left Bank, Musee d’Orsay, Marais, Louvre, Tuileries Maillol’s bronze nudes, Pont Alexandre III sunset, Montmatre to Sacre-Cueur, Musee Rodin (The Kiss), Eiffel Twr, “Pariscope” wkly listing magazine (museums of tem closed Mon/Tues), Fest of Avignon August, St Tropez: along Riviera, where the stars party, Corsica Is (rent a car), Ajaccio, Calvi’s medieval citadel, beaches & hikes, Genoeces dungeons in Bastia, Cap Corse diving/biking/rafting, Cort’s Gorges du Tavignon/horseback riding, Bonifacio’s boat to Grottes Marines (sea coves), take train, try Pietra (chestnut beer), Marseille-wander through old town & c Vieille Charite & Palais Longchamps, bouillabaisse for lunch, Aiz-en_Provence, Arles ampitheatre to Nimes or Les Baux, Vaucluse region visit Avignon & Orange to Alpes-de-Haute-Provence to Cannes…wander Blvd de la Croisette, Nice’s mkt in Cour Saleya to St-Paul-de-Vence’s Foundation to Monte Carlo, Lille (Dec) real X-mas atmosphere, biggest of N Frances X-mas fairs (lts/ent/food/fun fair), bike along Tour de France FESTIVALS: July 14th Bastille Day with parades and fireworks, Aug Chateauneuf-du-Pape Wine Festival with jousting, jugglers, fire eaters, sword fights medieval carnival and fountain spouting free wine

GERMANY: Bavaria The Alpine Road and Zugspitze, the Romantic Road (Romantische Strasse) from Wurzburg to Fussen, Munich Deutsches Museum, BMW museumOktoberfest, Berlin Brandenburg Gate, Lubeck, Schleswig-Holstein (ref:1000) Munich Oktoberfest third Sat in Sept for two wks, Baden-Baden bath at Friedrichsbad, Berlin Love Parade, a must visit fairy tale castle Scholss Neuschwanstein in Hohenschwangau (ref: MMoYTOE) Black Forest, start in Baden-Baden one of Germany’s oldest towns, drive through BFSW to Baiersbronn, Freudenstadt, Gutach, Staufen, Todtanau (Hanglock Wasserfall), Todtmoos (Baroque church), handgliding @ Feldburg, open air museum @ Gutach, swim @ Titisee & Schluchsee, Europa-Park, drive to Freiburg, try Black Forest cake, try Kirschwasser (sherry based schnapps), cuckoo clocks, cruise down Rhine River, Oct Fest in Munich Oktoberfest from mid Sept-early Oct…16 days), check out City Hall on Marienplatz, Liebfauenkirche, check out Maximilanstrasse (window shop Europe’s one of most exp shopping streets), museums: Alte & Neue Pinakothek & Painakothek der Moderne, Antiquarium of Munich Residenz, Deutsche Museum, don’t eat Weisswurst after noon as it’s for b-fast & old, walk Viktualienmarket, visit US bases FESTIVALS: July Love Parade, Sept/Oct last 2 wks of Sept ending in the first of Sunday in October in Munich

LUXEMBOURG: 10th century castle Rocher du Bock tunnels (ref: MMoYTOE)

MONACO: Monte Carlo The Grand Casino (ref:1000) Grand Prix (St Devote, Mirabeau, la Rascasse, Casino and the Tunnel…cheapest and good place to watch is Secteur Rocher above last corner Racasse…cars look small from view but can see bigger picture)

NETHERLANDS: Amsterdam and Lisse canal cruises and tulp time, Rijksmuseum, Van Googh Museum, Apeldoorn Kroller-Muller Museum, The Hague North Sea Jazz Festival 2 day wknd in July (ref:1000) cycle the dutch countryside, Amesterdam Museum Quarter, April 30th Queen’s Day in Amsterdam where police are forbidden to interfere with any activity (ref: MMoYTOE) Amsterdam Van Gogh, Stedelijk or Rijksmuseum, red lt district via canal boat tour, Noorder Mkt, tulips in Keukenhof near Haarlem (north of capital), 7 Brides on Reguliersgracht for view, cafes in Jordaadn district, cycle canal belt, smoke in shops not streets (!) FESTIVALS: Aug early Amsterdam Gay Pride Festival

SWITZERLAND: Bernese Oberland train trip up to Jungfraujoch, Mureen village, St. Moritz and the Glacier Express, ski Zermatt (ref:1000) swiss fondue, husky sledding in Alps, Cresta Run in St Moritz toboggan headfirst (women banned since 1929!) (ref: MMoYTOE) Matterhorn skiing (Feb) Zermatt, sit of the left side of train from Zurich to Lucerne for panoramic view of Zurichsee, cross Chapel Bridge, Picasso Museum, trolley to Kriens & cable car to summit of Mt Pilatus to Alpnachstad via world’s steepest cogwheel railway, Lucerene by steamboat, Lion Monument, train to Engelberg funicular to Gerschialp, cable cars to Trubsee and Titils-Stand, cable car across glacier to Titils panoramic restaurant, live bars in Old Town, Glacier Express a famous train from Alps of Zermatt to St. Moritz, beneath Matterhorn (luxury?), ski Interlanken



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